Frequently Asked Questions


What is psychotherapy?

When we have a skin condition, we go to a dermatologist. When we have a heart condition, we go to a cardiologist. And so on. When we have emotional difficulties (e.g., depression, anxiety, anger, or addiction), we see a psychotherapist. Psychotherapy involves the exploration of emotional and psychological problems in a safe, caring, and non-judgmental atmosphere. This a unique opportunity to better 

understand and improve aspects of your emotional health that are holding you back.  



What is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy?

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that addresses the

ways in which our unhealthy thoughts, feelings, and behavior interact to create psychological problems. So, for example, a key to improving depression is to understand and improve the way in which a person's unhealthy thinking creates and/or sustains his or her depression. 


Cognitive-behavioral therapists typically take a more direct approach to guiding the

client toward  better emotional health. This is not the same thing as telling the client

what decisions they "should" make or how they "should" feel. Rather, a CBT therapist

shares with the client their observations of the client's emotional problems and assists

the client in developing tools to improve them. To do this, for example, the therapist

might give assignments to complete between sessions to help the client build upon 

                                                              their progress.



Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is evidence-based, which means there is a tremendous amount of scientific research supporting its effectiveness in treating a variety of psychological problems. Of course, no type of therapy is a "one size fits all" approach to treating every problem. That is why I modify this approach when necessary. 



​​How long will treatment take?
Typically, clients come for therapy once a week, while some attend on a bi-weekly basis. There is no pre-determined length of time for psychotherapy. Some individuals come for a handful of sessions, while others attend therapy for a much longer amount of time. The course of therapy depends on many factors, including the nature of the problems the person wants to address. Of course, there is never any obligation to continue with treatment. The client is always in charge and can stop therapy at any time.



Will I need to take medication?

Firstly, as a clinical psychologist, I do not prescribe psychotropic medication; typically, such medication

is prescribed by a psychiatrist or, sometimes, by a primary care physician. Frequently,

people experiencing psychological difficulties do not need psychotropic medication.

Sometimes, however, a person's emotional difficulties are severe enough that

therapy alone is insufficient. In these cases, medication can be an essential

adjunct to therapy. If, after working with a client, I believe medication would

be helpful, I will broach the subject with him or her. As always, the client is in no

                                                               way required to take medication! 

Shoval M. Gur-Aryeh, Ph.D.

Clinical Psychologist